Argosy PSY 101 PSY/101 PSY101 QUIZ 3 Solutions

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  1. The peg-word method is a means of remembering the order of a list of names or objects by associating them with some sequence of places with which you are familiar.
  2. When trying to learn a list of items that will need to be remembered later, a person associates each item with one of a series of rhymes, such as “one is a bun,” “two is a shoe, “three is a tree” and so on. Which memory technique is being used?
  3. Certain strategies or devices encode a long series of facts, associating those facts with familiar and previously encoded information to enhance subsequent retrieval. These memory strategies are called
  4. Proactive interference refers to situations in which
  5. For most individuals who read this question, which of the following would probably be seen as a single “chunk” of information?
  6. Neuroscientists now believe that memory for complex sets of information is found in ________ parts of the neural system, and memory for particular types of knowledge is localized in ________ regions of the brain.
  7. Compared to eidetic imagery, iconic memory
  8. The professor has become so good at reviewing students’ papers that spelling errors just seem to jump out at him. This best illustrates
  9. Which area of the brain undergoes the greatest movement toward maturity from adolescence into young adulthood?
  10. A little girl says, “Daddy door.” To understand the meaning of this two-word utterance, the listener must
  11. All you know about a girl is that she is 14 years old. According to Erikson’s theory of life span development, she is probably facing the crisis of
  12. Technically, the end of the eighth week following conception marks the beginning stage of the
  13. A father has just come into the room where he finds his son playing with his little sister’s dolls. If this father is like most parents, he will
  14. A disadvantage of longitudinal research is that some types of generalizations can be made only to cohorts of the research participants.
  15. The tendency of preoperational children to be captivated by a single aspect of a given situation to the exclusion of other relevant details exemplifies Piaget’s concept of
  16. Around age 50, most women can expect the cessation of menstruation and ovulation, an event known as
  17. A friend has finished school and is thinking about moving out of the family home. As the youngest child, however, she is concerned about how her parents are likely to react, so she asks what you think. You should tell her that it is most likely that
  18. With respect to parenting s, parents who apply discipline with little concern for their child’s autonomy are classified as ________, whereas parents whose fails to help children learn about the structure of social rules under which they must live are referred to as ________.
  19. The research of Harry Harlow supported his hypothesis that ________ was the basis for the attachment of infants to their mothers.
  20. An acquaintance does not seem to have the capacity to make commitments to others. He never compromises, has no sense of responsibility, and seems to have few close friends. According to Erikson’s life span theory, he may not have adequately resolved the crisis of
  21. Over his lifetime, a physicist has learned a lot of mathematical equations and facts. This information is stored primarily in his ________ memory.
  22. In trying to explain rugby to a friend, you find yourself using terminology from American football, with which you are most familiar. What did Bartlett call this reconstructive process?
  23. A father has sent his daughter to the grocery store. As his daughter leaves, the father can hear her repeating, “a dozen eggs and a loaf of bread” over and over again. The daughter obviously is engaged in
  24. Alzheimer’s disease is a biological condition in which memory function gradually breaks down.
  25. The multiple-choice test that you are taking now requires that you ________ the relevant information. The essay test that you will take in your History of Civilization class places more emphasis on your ability to ________ the relevant information.
  26. The peg-word method is a means of remembering the order of a list of names or objects by associating them with some sequence of places with which you are familiar.
  27. An actor is using the method of loci to help him remember his lines for a play. This method emphasizes the use of
  28. In trying to prepare for an exam, you form visual images, making stories that use concepts in creative ways. You are actually engagingin
  29. In the context of a child’s acquisition of particular meanings for words, which of the following exemplifies the principle of contrast?
  30. Suppose you are watching a monkey in Harry Harlow’s research on attachment. When presented with a fear stimulus, such as a toy that makes loud noises, you should expect the monkey to
  31. Piaget suggested that the most important cognitive acquisition of the infancy period of cognitive development is the ability to form mental representations of absent objects-those objects with which the infant is not in direct sensorimotor contact. This ability is called
  32. Harry Harlow used artificial “mothers” in his studies of the attachment behavior of monkeys. The artificial mothers were
  33. Children’s speech during the two-word stage has been characterized as “telegraphic” because it is filled with short, simple sequences using mostly nouns and verbs
  34. A 3-year-old loves sports. Her mom recently taught her how to catch a big beach ball and now her dad is now teaching her how to catch a small tennis ball. At first, she tries to “surround” the tennis ball with her arms, the way she did the beach ball. Slowly, she learns to use just her hands. The girl’s attempt to restructure her scheme illustrates Piaget’s concept of
  35. In the Strange Situation Test, a securely-attached child will________ when the parent leaves the room and ________ when the parent returns.
  36. A strategy for successful aging proposed by psychologists Paul Baltes and Margaret Baltes includes all of the following EXCEPT
  37. The tendency of preoperational children to be captivated by a single aspect of a given situation to the exclusion of other relevant details exemplifies Piaget’s concept of
  38. According to Piaget, a preoperational child is likely to say that
  39. An older woman is celebrating her birthday. If she is like most people nearing the end of her life, she will
  40. A happily married modern couple expects to be parents soon. They might be interested to learn that researchers have found that the birth of children
  41. On their way to their 25th high school reunion, a husband asks his wife if she can remember the name of the “class clown” the year that they graduated. This best illustrates
  42. Which of the following is most likely to be classified as a basic level concept?
  43. The physical memory trace for information in the brain is known as the engram.
  44. Retroactive interference occurs when
  45. Imagine that you and a friend have witnessed an accident. Afterwards, while discussing what was seen, your friend introduces some inaccurate information into his description of the events. If you are like many of the participants in research on eyewitness memory, when questioned at some future date,
  46. Based on what you know about the serial position effect and distinctiveness, in preparing for the test on this chapter, you should have spent
  47. Imagine that a directory assistance operator has just given you a telephone number. Surprisingly, as you hang up to dial the number the telephone rings and it is a telemarketer. Although it takes you only 18 seconds to get him off the line, you have been prevented from rehearsing the number during that time. Based on a study that is described in the textbook, when you attempt to dial the number now, it is most likely that you will
  48. Which of the following is an example of retroactive interference?
  49. Which area of the brain undergoes the greatest movement toward maturity from adolescence into young adulthood?
  50. A student has skipped class again. He gets the lecture notes from a classmate, but can’t quite read her handwriting, so he makes an error in copying information about Kohlberg’s stages of moral reasoning. Which of the following statements did he copy incorrectly?