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Argosy PSY 101 PSY/101 PSY101 QUIZ 4 Solutions

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  1. According to Maslow’s theory of motivation, a person will not be motivated to love and be loved until they have satisfied ________ needs.
  2. A student believes that her inability to make the cheerleading team is due to a coach who is biased. According to Fritz Heider, she will probably
  3. A child entered the spelling bee hoping to win, but was eliminated in the first round. According to attributional theorists, his future motivation will be influenced most by
  4. In evolutionary psychology, short- and long-term strategies have been suggested by David Buss. The strategy of choosing a mate of high status is one that has evolved in ________ as a ________ mating strategy.
  5. A manager doesn’t particularly like his job, but he works hard anyway because he is well-paid. The money he receives as a reward for his behavior is called a(n)
  6. All of the following ideas are consistent with Clark Hull’s view EXCEPT that
  7. Maslow’s strict hierarchy breaks down under which one of the following circumstances?
  8. Suppose you were a participant in one of David McClelland’s studies of the need for achievement. You would be given the Thematic Apperception Test and be expected to
  9. In order for a person who holds a false belief to be labeled as prejudiced, the false belief must
  10. In a classic experiment on cognitive dissonance that is described in the textbook, students were paid either $1 or $20 to tell another student that a boring task was fun and interesting. The results of the study showed that the students who were paid
  11. Psychologists identify three types of information that give rise to attitudes. All of the following are suggested as a type of such information EXCEPT for which one?
  12. A music critic always seems to be asked for her attitudes about the relative merits of rock music from the 60s and from the 90s. You might expect this critic’s attitudes about rock music to be highly accessible due primarily to
  13. Researchers Bibb Latané and John Darley partly explained bystander “apathy” in terms of the “diffusion of responsibility” felt by participants. By this they meant that
  14. When you evaluate the group you belong to as better than others, you are demonstrating what is called an in-group bias.
  15. Researchers Bibb Latané and John Darley explored the circumstances under which people will or will not help in emergencies by
  16. The tendency to attribute your success to dispositional factors and your failures to situational factors is called
  17. After a close play at the plate during a baseball game, one fan believes that the runner was safe while another fan sitting next to him believes the runner was out. Social psychologists would say that the two fans differ in
  18. An attributional psychologist is most likely to look for the causes of behavior in
  19. The research on the relationship between frustration and aggression has led theorists to conclude, in part, that
  20. When you interact with other people, you are likely to find yourself mimicking them in certain ways. Chartrand and Bargh labeled this type of mimicry.
  21. A woman engages in out-of-control eating, during which she may consume massive amounts of calories. Afterwards, feeling depressed, she will attempt to purge her body of these calories by vomiting. Although she is of average weight, she nevertheless feels uncomfortable with her appearance. The woman most likely suffers from
  22. In the approach of Clark Hull with respect to biological conditions, organisms seek to increase tension or avoid homeostasis.
  23. All of the following ideas are consistent with Clark Hull’s view EXCEPT that
  24. Incentives are external stimuli or rewards that motivate behavior, although they do not relate directly to biological needs.
  25. To determine who is overweight and who is obese, researchers use a measure called the
  26. A child entered the spelling bee hoping to win, but was eliminated in the first round. According to attributional theorists, his future motivation will be influenced most by
  27. A friend says that he is a restrained eater and is constantly dieting. At the same time, he seems to be gaining weight. If you research this apparent contradiction, you will learn that restrained eaters tend to gain weight because they
  28. According to Fritz Heider, behavioral outcomes can be attributed to two types of forces,
  29. The research on people’s willingness to help strangers in distress was inspired by
  30. After listening to a lecture on prejudice, a student wonders if having close friends from different ethnic groups can reduce prejudice against these groups. Research suggests that the answer is
  31. An attributional psychologist is most likely to look for the causes of behavior in
  32. According to the research on interpersonal attraction, if you want a person to like you it would be a good idea to
  33. Stanley Milgram’s classic research on obedience demonstrated quite conclusively that blind obedience is more a product of dispositional personality characteristics than it is of the situational forces with which one is faced.
  34. In an investigation of the relationship between the unemployment rates and aggression rates in San Francisco, researchers found all of the following EXCEPT that
  35. The participants in Stanley Milgram’s classic series of experiments on obedience were
  36. The process that results in a “me versus not me” and “us versus them” orientation is known technically as social
  37. Distinctiveness, consistency, and consensus are three components of the fundamental attribution error.
  38. It is possible that you may not be consciously aware of some of the attitudes you hold.
  39. When you answer the doorbell, you encounter a young person who hands you a free laminated bookmark and then asks whether you would be interested in subscribing to some magazines. This person is using the sales technique based on
  40. Most of the participants in Stanley Milgram’s studies of obedience