UMUC NUTR 100 NUTR/100 NUTR100 Final Exam Answers / Elements of Nutrition


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  1. Which nutrient contains the most kilocalories per gram?
  2. What are carbohydrates, protein, and fat are known as?
  3. “Natural” is the word that the USDA uses to describe unprocessed foods
  4. What is the name of the nutrient intake level estimated to meet the needs of 50 percent of the individuals in a life-stage and gender group?
  5. What is the the term that describes the  maximum levels of daily nutrient intakes that are unlikely to pose health risks to almost all individuals in the group for whom they are designed?
  6. Janice is studying the breakfast choices of male and female students at Apex College for her senior research project. What type of study is this?
  7. Alana is looking for a way to identify a reputable supplement vitamin manufacturer. What is one factor that might help?
  8. What types of studies are conducted by pharmaceutical companies before new drugs can be released in the market?
  9. The school dietitian is required to include all of the MyPlate food groups in each day’s student lunches. Please select the only menu below that meets that requirement.
  10. Which answer is NOT a way to build a sustainable food system?
  11. Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for metabolic syndrome?
  12. Where in the gastrointestinal tract does the majority of nutrient digestion and absorption take place?
  13. Increasing fiber in the diet may decrease symptoms of the gastrointestinal disorder diverticulitis. Which one of the following is NOT a benefit of eating a high fiber diet?
  14. Why are carbohydrates important for health?
  15. The FDA regulates supplements under a different set of regulations than those covering “conventional” foods and drug products.
  16. What is the name of the process that breaks foods apart into smaller units?
  17. What is the name of the structure whose primary function is to store and concentrate bile?
  18. Which of the following is NOT a digestive disorder?
  19. What percentage of the Daily Value of fiber is contained by a food considered to be a “good source of fiber”?
  20. What is the name of the organelle in the cell that produces energy?
  21. From the list below, place the major organs of the gastrointestinal tract of the digestive system in order from start to finish, numbering them from 1 (start) to 6 (finish). Then label the remaining accessory organs as 9. Each correctly identified organ of digestion answer is worth 1 point (10 pts total).
  22. What is the AMDR for protein?
  23. How many amino acids can’t be synthesized in the body?
  24. Which of the following is a complete protein?
  25. Which source of protein is the lowest quality?
  26. What do enzymes do to chemical reactions?
  27. Most Americans don’t consume adequate protein daily.
  28. What is the AMDR of fat?
  29. Which type of fatty acid has two or more carbon double bonds?
  30. A triglyceride molecule is composed of ____________ glycerol(s) and ____________ fatty acid(s).
  31. Which of the following is NOT a health benefit of consuming omega-3 fatty acids?
  32. Most water is lost daily via:
  33. Which organs/glands are important in regulating water output?
  34. Why is very little sodium (200 mg) required in the diet for a sedentary individual?
  35. What is an Adequate Intake of sodium (mg/day) for an adult aged 19 to 50 years?
  36. Which one of the following foods has the lowest sodium content?
  37. What is NOT a natural function that water promotes within the human body?
  38. What is the name of the primary mechanism used by cells to maintain water balance between themselves and their surrounding environment?
  39. How could the condition of hyponatremia occur?
  40. What are the names of the hormones that play an important role in the regulation of potassium in the body?
  41. ……

The most common cause of food-borne illness is the presence of what in foods?